ADDRESSReni Merchant Sea Port
188, Dunaiskaya str., Reni, Odessa reg., 68802, Ukraine.
|Reception Desk||+380-4840-41484, fax 41031|
|Fisrt Deputy of Harbor Master||+380-4840-43308|
|Deputy of Harbor Master on Economy||+380-4840-43308|
|Deputy of Harbor Master on Marketing and Commercial Work||+380-4840-41091|
|Deputy of Harbor Master on Port Operation||+380-4840-26951|
|Marketing and Contract Work department||+380-4840-26739, 42652|
|Veterinary Control department||+380-4840-44981|
|Ecological Control department||+380-4840-43028|
Reni merchant sea port was founded in 1816 and is situated on the left bank of the Danube – one of the longest European rivers.
Historians consider the name of Reni originated from the Latin word 'arenar’ that later was transformed into 'Reni' by the merchants from Genoa and Venice. It means a comfortable place for ships to lie at. The first allusion to Reni dates back to the 10th c. A.D.
Three сcenturies after that the town belonged to Turkey, then to the Crimean Tatars, then, once again, to Russia.
In 1816, the joint stock company Torgoviy Dom Knyaz Yuriy Gagarin & Co. was established. So, at that time the Port of Reni was officially founded, and it became the main enterprise of the town.
The berthage represented the natural bank of the Danube river. The cargo turnover was inconsiderable – mainly spices, wine, tobacco destined for Bessarabia. Grain was the main export cargo flow in the port.
At the beginning of the 20th century the port of Reni went on developing and investments of Russian entrepreneurs to consolidation of its engineering capability were increasing. The establishing of the state Russian Danube Shipping Company in 1903 advantaged development of the enterprise that started accommodate not only seagoing vessels but also ocean carriers after the Kiliya mouth had been dredged. On the eve of the First World War they exported the record volume of grain via the port – more than 150,000 t.
After Bessarabia reintegrated with the USSR in 1940, the Soviet Danube ports, Reni among them, were transmitted to the 'Black Sea Shipping Company'.
In the Soviet period Reni merchant sea port became the leader among other ports of the Danube region countries. Around 15M t of cargoes a year – more than in any other port on the Danube was handled in Reni. The volume of cargo turnover made Reni one of the first six ports of the most significant sea power – the USSR.
ADDRESS RENI MERCHANT SEA PORT188, Dunaiskaya Str., Reni, Odessa Region, 68802, Ukraine.
PORT REGULATIONS AND NAVIGATIONAL INFORMATION
The article is written on the basis of the Mandatory Regulations issued for Reni Merchant Sea Port.
- latitude 45°26′N;
- longitude 28°18′E.
The port’s territory includes the part of fenced bank line along the left Danube bank from 123.6 to 128.3 km.
The port’s territory covers 940,000 sq. m; its boot basin area is 440,000 sq. m.
Weather and climate conditions are generally the same as in port Izmail. The port roads are open to winds of all directions.
The depths of the roadsteads vary (from the bank to the middle of the river) from 2 m up to 25 m. In the port’s water area the ground is silty but in some places it is sandy.
Entering and Leaving Port
When approaching the port’s waters, all seagoing and river vessels shall contact the Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) on VHF to recieve permission to enter the port, or to transit through port Reni waters.
Not less than 2 hours in advance, shipmasters of vessels bound for port Reni shall define their ETA more precisely to State Port Control Inspection (SPCI) and the port’s Sanitary-Quarantine station through their agent or do so themselves.
If a vessel is not equipped with a radio station, the shipmaster must advise the Port Operator, SPCI, Sanitary-Quarantine Dept., their agent of the expected time of approaching the port by other means of communication.
Departure of seagoing and river vessels shall be cleared only after direct inspection of the vessel by a representative of SPCI to prove her seaworthiness and readiness to leave.
Such inspections can be carried out 24 hrs/day.
The port accommodates vessels of drafts not exceeding the passage depths of Sulinskiy Channel and DWSP through the mouth Bystroye.
Non-self propelled vessels are forbidden to be drawn solely by the currents or to change anchorage by drifting.
Vessels proceeding along the Danube without calling at Port Reni shall not enter port water areas where vessels are riding at anchors, it is also prohibited to overtake other vessels, as well as turn round or move backwards or take up anchorage before dawn.
The proper places for seagoing vessels to turn around are the specified water areas at mile 70.6 and mile 64. For vessels proceeding for mooring at berths Nos. 15–21, turning is allowed at mile 67.2.
Permission given for a vessel to proceed is valid for 30 minutes only. After that the shipmaster shall explain the cause of delay to the VTS and request permission once again.
Overtaking is prohibited in port water areas, except for hydrofoil vessels.
Shipmasters of towed vessels shall decide upon the need for tug assistance and the number of tugs needed for mooring/unmooring, in view of port pilot’s recommendations.
Seagoing and river-sea type vessels are obliged to use services of port pilots and tugs when mooring in backwaters. Orders for towage outside port waters shall be placed at the Port Fleet Office no less than 24 hours in advance.
There are 6 anchorages within port waters: 3 of them are for seagoing vessels and 3 for non-self propelled vessels.
Today Reni merchant sea port is a multipurpose transport hub in Ukraine where sea, river, railway and road transport means are closely interplaited.
The unique geographical situation determined the Reni port status both as sea and river port. The port of Reni is located in the southeastern part of Ukraine at the interface of Ukrainian, Romanian and Moldavian boarders and on the crossing of four transport corri-dors:
- Cretan ones Nos. 7 and 9;
- corridor Europe – Asia;
- Black sea corridor.
The port of Reni accommodates any vessels with drafts that allow passing Sulinskiy Channel and DWSP through the mouth Bystroye.
At 30 specialized berths of the port they handle practically all kinds of freights – general, bulk (dry and liquid), heavy-weight, off-gauge cargoes, containers.
The project annual capacity of the port amounts to 14.5 million t. The territory covers 940,000 sq. m. The berthing line extends to 3,927 m. Water depths at the wall amount to 12 m. Sheltered warehouses cover 30,000 sq. m, open storage yards – 195,000sq. m. The port consists of 3 cargo areas, the oil handling site and a ferry complex.
Port Reni is provided with the network of railways and has significant park of handling facilities and devices that allow handling cargoes of up to 250 t.
There is the continuous shift of loading and unloading works in the port including weekends and holidays. Navigation is possible all the year round.
Cargo area 1
- scrap metal;
- general cargoes;
- bulk chemicals and cereals.
Total berthing length is 960 m, water depths at the quay wall – 2.3–6.5 m. The open yards cover the space of 24,923 sq. m, sheltered warehouses – 12,473 sq. m. The annual throughput capacity amounts to 1M t. Max. draught of accepted vessels by high water in the Danube may reach 7 m. The deadweight of vessels accommodated when using buffer with a glance to berths’ equipment is up to 10,000 t.
Cargo area 2
- scrap metal;
- petroleum products;
- general and bulk cargoes (pellets, coal, coke);
- chemicals (potassium, chlorine, carbamide, phosphorites).
The total length of the berths is 1,960 m, water depths at the wall – 3.6–7.5 m. The open yards cover the space of 62,737 sq. m, sheltered warehouses – 6,965 sq. m. The annual capacity averages 2,5M t. Max. draught of accepted vessels - 7 m. The deadweight of vessels accommodated when using buffer with a glance to berths’ equipment is up to 20,000 t.
Cargo area 3
The area is specialized in handling of bulk cargoes (ore, pellets, coal, iron ore sinter, coke). The annual capacity amounts to 2M t. Total length of the berths amounts to 565 m, water depth at the wall – 3,6 m. The open yards cover the space of 61,650 sq. m. Max. draught of accepted vessels by high water in the Danube may reach 7 m. The deadweight of vessels accommodated – up to 3,000 t.
Specialization - crude oil and petroleum products (crude petrol, petrol, diesel fuel, vacuum gas-oil, gas condensate, fuel oil, coal tar).
Total berthing line amounts to 258 m, depths at the quay wall – to 12 m. Max. draught of accepted vessels – 7 m, length – 170 m. The vessels with their deadweight of up to 18-20,000 t can be accommodated there. The annual throughput capacity of the complex amounts to 1.8M t of oil and petroleum products, as well as 200,000 t of liquefied gas.
|Name||Quantity||Lifting capacity (t)||Outreach (m)|
|Cargo, technological scheme||Handling technology scheme||Operation (loading / discharging)||Rate (t/ship/day)||Max Rate (t/ship/day)|
|Bulk grain, (import)||board - crane - wagon||discharging||2000||2000|
|Bulk grain (loading from special wagons)||wagon - crane - board||loading||1000||2500|
|Sintering ore, bulk ore concentrates on the 3rd area||warehouse - crane - board||loading / discharging||6000||7000|
|Sintering ore, bulk ore concentrates on the 1-st and 2-nd areas||warehouse - crane - board||discharging / loading||3000||4000|
|Coal, batch mixture on the 3rd area||warehouse - crane - board||discharging / loading||4000||5000|
|Other bulk cargoes||warehouse - crane - board||discharging / loading||1800||1800|
|Preserves||wagon - crane - board||discharging||500||500|
|Refrigerated cargoes in sealed packages||wagon - crane - board||discharging||500||500|
|Refrigerated cargoes in unsealed packages||wagon - crane - board||discharging||300||300|
|Cargoes in bags||wagon - crane - board
warehouse - crane - board
|General cargoes in boxes, barrels, in bulk and others||warehouse - crane - board||discharging / loading||600||600|
|Metals in packs, metal sections||warehouse - crane - board||discharging / loading||1500||3000|
|Rolled metal, rod||warehouse - crane - board||discharging / loading||1200||2000|
|Cast iron in bulk||warehouse - crane - board||loading||1000||1200|
|Timber||warehouse - crane - board||loading||500||700|
|Scrap||warehouse - crane - board||discharging / loading||800||900|
|Coke||warehouse - crane - board||loading||1500||2000|
|Cargoes in packets and bigbags||warehouse - crane - board||discharging||700||1000|
|Paper, pulp||warehouse - crane - board||loading||500||600|
|Fertilizers in bulk (from special wagons)||wagon - crane - board||loading||800||1600|
|Ship's Type||Quantity||Power (hp)|
|Bilge and black water collecting boat||1||225|
|Spillage/garbage collecting boat||1||150|
It is specialized in handling of Ro-Ro vessels bound to the river. The length of the berth is 80 m, and the depth at the quay wall totals 3.3 m. The open yards cover the space of 15,910 sq. m. The throughput capacity of the complex amounts to 200,000 t per year. Handling of ferries is performed without delays and downtimes. The guarded parking for cars covering the space of 14,500 sq. m provides full safety of drivers and cargoes. The ferry complex also enables the drivers to declare goods, to let them fumigate. It offers loading/unloading operations and forwarding services on request of the drivers, as well as border and customs consulting.
Free Economic Zone 'Reni'
On March 23, 2000, the Ukrainian Law ‘On Special Economic Zone ‘Reni’ came into effect. FEZ ‘Reni’ was established for a period of 30 years on the territory of Reni Merchant Sea Port with its total area of 943,600 sq. m. The objectives of its establishing are as follows:
- investment generation for development of production and the infrastructure;
- implementation of new technologies;
- jobs creation;
- evolvement of foreign economic relations and entrepreneurship;
- attraction of additional cargo flows to the port.
All legal kinds of business activities can be performed on the territory of FEZ ‘Reni’.
The legal parties located on the territory of FEZ, which implement there the investment projects with their costs no less than USD 200,000, can become the entities of FEZ ‘Reni’.
In 2005, when the next government change was made, all FEZ benefits were canceled.
The following investment projects have been realized within the framework of FEZ ‘Reni’.
Complex for handling bituminous coal resin and other viscous liquid cargoes of oil-chemical-recovery coal carbonization ('Ukrchem' Ltd.)
Cargo is loaded directly and via reservoirs (loading scheme: tank – reservoir – tanker, tank– tanker), cargo is transferred from 8 wagons simultaneously and 4 wagons more on stand-by being warmed up.
The capacity for storage is 14,000 t at a time. Daily throughput capacity is – 8,000 t cargo.
Complex for processing, packing and transferring of granular mineral fertilizers (PE 'Reni Les')
It is specialized in loading of packed mineral fertilizers and mixing of granulate ones, packing them in bags, bigbegs. Bulk fertilizers are handled by means of conveyer belt. The complex also ships granulate mineral fertilizers.
Loading is performed via sheltered warehouse. The capacity for fertilizers storage amounts to 10,500 t at a time. Daily throughput capacity is 1,000 t of packed fertilizers.
Complex for handling of liquefied hydrocarbon gases (PE 'Laguna Reni')
Loading operations are performed 24 hours a day directly from 10 railway tank cars simultaneously.
Daily throughput capacity amounts to 1,000 t.
Terminal for grain handling and manufacturing of formula feed ('Reni-Line' Ltd.)
Cargo is loaded from motor vehicles and hopper cars directly and via storage facilities of silo type
Daily throughput capacity amounts to 3,000 t. Simultaneously they can store up to 20,000 t.
Supply depot of petroleum products in the port of Reni for providing bunkering operations ('Transbunker Danube' Ltd.)
It is specialized in shipment of light and dark petroleum products to provide vessels with bunkering operations. Loading is carried out via cargo warehouse. There is an opportunity to store simultaneously 2,000 t. Daily turnover capacity amounts to 2000 t.
Sheltered warehouses cover the area of 30,000 sq. m, open yards – 195,000 sq. m
The port has:
- 1 bridge crane, lifting capacity of 250 t.;
- 5 fork-lift trucks Toyota, Highster, of 1.5 t. l/c;
- 3 fork-lift trucks Mitsubishi, Toyota of 4 t. l/c;
- 2 fork-lift trucks 40810 of 5.0 t. l/c.;
- 1 fork-lift truck Toyota, of 10 t. l/c;
- 2 lift truck with hitching devices Mitsubishi, of 2.5 t. l/c;
- 2 bucket loader: Bobkat-843, Bobkat S-130 of 0.7 t. l/c;
- 1 port tractor Terberg of 200 hp;
- 1 crane Kato, of 50 t. l/c;
- rubber tired crane KS5363D capacity 36 t. – 1 unit;
- floating cranes: of 100 t. l/c – 1 unit, of 16 t.;
- l/c – 2 unit; of 5 t l/c – 1 unit.
The port’s fleet provides towage of non-self propelled vessels along the Ukrainian part of the Danube.
They also provide potable water supply from the coastal hydrant, bilge and black water collection from self-propelled vessels.
Rates by piece and discounts for loading/unloading operations are applied according to the Order of Ministry of Transport of Ukraine No. 188 of 12.03.2003 (with further additions and changes).